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The multidimensional index was created to overcome the difficulties connected to measurements of energy poverty and variety of indicators. This index accounts for five dimensions of energy deprivation. Marked as energy poor are those households that present at least two of the mentioned forms of deprivation.
• Objective indicators: “low income, high costs” and “high actual cost”
• Subjective indicators: “not warm enough home”, housing faults” and “bills difficulties”
This measure was applied within the territory of Poland and according to the available data, 10% of Polish households suffered from multidimensional energy poverty in 2017. Most endangered are households in buildings built before 1946, households living in rural areas and households that were dependent on retirement and disability pensions.