The current trend of rising energy prices is a worrying one. Not only because it means that people will have to devote more of their salaries to simply pay for energy in their homes, but also because it exacerbates the already negative trend of energy poverty.
Energy poverty as phenomenon is not a universal one. It has many definitions and sources, but one people can agree on is that it is influenced by energy prices in a rather major way, as people paying exorbitant sums for energy, leaving them less and less money for themselves each month is problematic. As a way to ameliorate his, renovations and adherence to modern energy performance standards of buildings should be a priority, at least according to organizations and projects such as ENPOR.
What is ENPOR?
ENPOR is a project that aims to tackle two challenges: energy poverty in the private rental sector (PRS), and testing energy efficiency support schemes, identifying energy poor tenants and homeowners.
ENPOR plans to tackle said challenges through three main objectives, them being:
- Deepen understanding on energy poverty policies for the private sector (synthesis of 30 different policies across the EU)
- Monitor dimensions of energy poverty in the private rented sector (through the Energy Poverty Dashboard)
- Support the setup and implementation of energy efficiency policies to alleviate energy poverty in the PRS
(in seven EU Member States)
To ensure ENPOR’s success, a wide variety of partners and groups have been mobilized, ranging from homeowner associations through utilities companies, to NGOs or policymakers. Among the policymakers, the EU has been a key actor, especially after the inception of the EU Green Deal, the Renovation Wave Strategy and other schemes, among which we can count the Fit for 55 legislative package, new policies and regulations to steer the EU towards a more climate aware future. This was also the key topic at ENPOR’s latest Lunch Talk.
Fit for 55
Fit for 55 presents the beginning of a new legislative direction for the EU for the upcoming years. It represents the basics of the EU Green Deal, New European Bauhaus as well as the Renovation Wave Strategy among others, all of which contribute to the larger idea. As per the EU definition:
Fit for 55 refers to the at least 55% emission reduction target which the EU has set for 2030. The proposed package aims to bring the EU’s climate and energy legislation in line with the 2030 goal.
Reducing emissions is the overall goal, and the legislative package is quite complex, as it targets many diverse sectors, such as energy, climate, transport, and housing. Obviously, energy and housing are very closely connected, which ENPOR itself picks out as the main area of interest.
To highlight a few relevant parts of the Fit for 55 package:
- Increasing target for energy efficiency to 39% from 32.5% EU wide, emission trading system, energy taxation…
- Social climate fund, which aims to provide support and investment for vulnerable groups like households
- An increase in energy efficiency of buildings, decarbonization of heating and cooling systems, integration of renewables in housing, a revision of the energy performance of buildings directive and more
And these are just some of the important changes brought by the package.
Conversation at the Lunch Talk
At the Lunch Talk, the panel included representatives of different key stakeholders: Helene Sibileau (BPIE) Emmanuelle Causse and Emil Martini (UIPI), Louise Sunderland (RAP) as well as Gyorgy Sumeghy from Habitat for Humanity EMEA and Ina Karova from the Energy Agency of Plovdiv.
Energy efficient renovation of the existing housing stock is one of the main solutions to reduce energy poverty.
The above written was one of the main talking points of the Lunch Talk that the majority of the guests agreed on. In ENPOR’s case, privately rented housing requires renovating those homes that need to overcome several existing conflicts and problems.
Fit for 55 is a very useful legislative package, however, it is also one that can have some seriously damaging consequences if not finetuned properly. According to the Commission, the Social Climate Fund, for example, will help lower the costs for those exposed to fossil fuel price increases during the transition to greener developments, but the issue is that the amount of proposed funding will be insufficient to deliver wide-spread renovations and renewables for energy poor households. As well as this the new emission trading system might also negatively impact energy pricing, making bills even pricier.
Gyorgy Sumeghy from Habitat for Humanity also contributed to the conversation, highlighting work in both REELIH and the ComAct project and saying that owner occupied multi-apartment buildings should be given the same attention as social housing in Western Europe. He proposed that it is the homeowner communities, who need to be convinced first to make the renovation happen, and that requires complex technical assistance and community facilitation. He suggested going for a lower, more sustainable subsidy schemes to incentivize people to also invest into renovation themselves, making it possible for programs to run longer.
For more information on the Lunch Talk and additional resources, please visit this site.
To see the recording of the session, please click here.